Wakefield, Edward Gibbon

Wakefield, Edward Gibbon
(20 mar. 1796, Londres, Inglaterra–16 may. 1862, Wellington, Nueva Zelanda).

Colonizador británico de Australia meridional y de Nueva Zelanda. Después de examinar los problemas del sistema penal, entre ellos el traslado forzado de presidiarios a colonias británicas, escribió A Letter from Sydney [Carta desde Sydney] (1829) y propuso la colonización mediante la venta de pequeñas propiedades de tierra a ciudadanos comunes. Influyó en la fundación de Australia meridional como un asentamiento no penal. Como organizador y administrador de la New Zealand Company (1838–58), envió colonos a establecerse en Nueva Zelanda y obligó al gobierno británico a reconocer la colonia. Como consejero del conde de Durham, influyó en el informe que llevó a la unión de Alto y Bajo Canadá. Fundó un asentamiento de la Iglesia de Inglaterra en Canterbury, Nueva Zelanda (1847).

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Wakefield, Edward Gibbon — born March 20, 1796, London, Eng. died May 16, 1862, Wellington, N.Z. British colonizer of South Australia and New Zealand. After viewing the problems of the penal system, including the forcible removal of convicts to British colonies, he wrote A …   Universalium

  • Wakefield, Edward Gibbon — (1796 1862)    Born in London, England. Educated at Westminster and at Edinburgh. One of the founders of the National Colonization Society in 1830. In 1838 accompanied Lord Durham (q.v.) to Canada as unofficial adviser. Assisted Durham in drawing …   The makers of Canada

  • WAKEFIELD, Edward Gibbon (1796-1862) — colonizer was born on 20 March 1796 at London. He came of a family of some distinction and his father, Edward Wakefield, who had married Susanna Crash, a farmer s daughter, when he was 17, was well known as a writer and educationist. His Account… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Edward Gibbon Wakefield — (* 20. März 1796 in London; † 16. Mai 1862 in Wellington) war ein britischer Staatsmann, der als einer der Vertreter des Vereinigten Königreichs am Wiener Kongress teilnahm und der maßgeblich an der Kolonialisierung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Gibbon Wakefield — (20 March, 1796 ndash; May 16, 1862) was the driving force behind much of the early colonization of South Australia, and later New Zealand. Wakefield, who in 1816 married Eliza Pattle (1799 ndash; 1820), was the eldest son of Edward Wakefield… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Gibbon Wakefield — Edouard Gibbon Wakefield Edouard Gibbon Wakefield Edouard Gibbon Wakefield (20 mars 1796 16 mai 1862) était un écrivain et homme politique britannique, qui fut la force motrice de la plus grande partie de la première colonisation de l Australie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wakefield (disambiguation) — Wakefield is a city in West Yorkshire, England *City of Wakefield, the metropolitan borough in which this city is located *Wakefield Prison, located in this city *Wakefield (UK Parliament constituency), located in this city *Wakefield Trinity… …   Wikipedia

  • WAKEFIELD (E. G.) — WAKEFIELD EDWARD GIBBON (1796 1862) Radical anglais, Wakefield a été l’initiateur d’une nouvelle technique de colonisation. Apôtre du développement de l’Australie et de la Nouvelle Zélande, fondateur en 1839 d’une Compagnie de la Nouvelle Zélande …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gibbon — /gib euhn/, n. Edward, 1737 94, English historian. * * * I Any of about six species (genus Hylobates) of lesser apes (family Hylobatidae), found in Indo Malayan forests. Gibbons use their long arms to swing from branch to branch. They walk erect… …   Universalium

  • gibbon — /gib euhn/, n. any small, slender, long armed arboreal anthropoid ape of the genus Hylobates, of the East Indies and southern Asia: all gibbon species are reduced in number and some are very rare. [1760 70; < F, name of uncert. orig. used by… …   Universalium

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